Volume 5, Issue 4, August 2020, Page: 61-68
Proposing Major BRT Routes for Rajshahi City Towards Increasing Public Transport Demand and Alleviation of Congestion Level to Achieve A Sustainable Urban Public Transport System
Pankaj Kanti Jodder, Urban and Rural Planning Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna, Bangladesh
Emon Kabir Noyon, Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC), Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Salman Bashit, Urban and Rural Planning Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna, Bangladesh
Muhaiminul Islam, Urban and Rural Planning Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna, Bangladesh
Received: Jan. 17, 2020;       Accepted: Feb. 12, 2020;       Published: Jul. 6, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajetm.20200504.11      View  60      Downloads  41
Rajshahi is the fourth largest city of Bangladesh having a population of around 8 lakhs with a high urbanization rate of 32.93%. The transportation system of Rajshahi is comprising of motorized transport (bus, mini-bus, truck, car, auto-rickshaw, auto-tempo, motorcycle, etc.) and nonmotorized transports (viz. rickshaw, rickshaw van, bicycle, pushcart, etc.). The rapidly increasing population along with the diversified land-use patterns generating considerable transport demands on the transportation system and the higher number of transport vehicles causes numerous problems in the city such as traffic congestion, road accidents, less effective and inefficient traffic movement, inadequate traffic management, environmental pollution, sound pollution and so on. The number of private vehicles is increasing day by day because there is no public transport system with an effective public transport network within the city. As a result, major shares of the roads are occupied by the small vehicles make complexities for efficient traffic movement. According to a recent analysis of RCC (Rajshahi City Corporation) the annual average growth rate of these traffics is motorized (8.50%), auto-rickshaw (12.30%), motorcycle (12.60%), truck (5.30%) and car (5.70%). So, the upcoming future of the transport sector in Rajshahi city is going to face an uncertain challenge through the increasing population and rapidly growing motorized traffics which will affect the efficiency and effectiveness of the transport systems. In view of the worsening traffic congestion and deterioration inaccessibility, level of service, safety, and operational efficiency, it is time to introduce the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT). In this paper, an attempt has been made to provide an overview of the public transportation system of Rajshahi city and five major BRT routes have been proposed for ever-increasing public transport demand towards alleviation of congestion level and achieving a sustainable urban public transport system.
Traffic Congestion, Bus Rapid Transit, Sustainable Traffic System, GIS, Rajshahi City
To cite this article
Pankaj Kanti Jodder, Emon Kabir Noyon, Salman Bashit, Muhaiminul Islam, Proposing Major BRT Routes for Rajshahi City Towards Increasing Public Transport Demand and Alleviation of Congestion Level to Achieve A Sustainable Urban Public Transport System, American Journal of Engineering and Technology Management. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2020, pp. 61-68. doi: 10.11648/j.ajetm.20200504.11
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS) (2011) Community Report Rajshahi Zila 2012.
Rajshahi, Bangladesh Population 1950-2019. (n.d.). Retrieved 11 December 2019 from https://www.macrotrends.net/cities/20131/rajshahi/population?fbclid=IwAR1qcEP3nn3zvvJJ O0HdyIACIzGxcvAlBW5Sne79gOd82-XFRexggEAqd6U.
Currie, G. (2018). Lies, damned lies, AVs, shared mobility, and urban transit futures. Journal of Public Transportation, 21 (1), 3.
Currie, G. J. J. o. P. T. (2006). Bus rapid transit in Australasia: Performance, lessons learned and futures. 9 (3), 1.
Nahar, A., Chakma, R., Uddin, N., & Das, A. (2018). Existing Situation of on Street Parking and Impacts on Effective Carriageway Width and V/C Ratio: A Case Study of Rajshahi City Corporation Area. International Journal of Science, Technology and Society, 6 (2), 33.
Hasan, M., Ganguly, B., Chowdhury, S. R., Rahman, G. A., Sami, S., Sultana, J.,... & Das, A. (2018). Analyzing the Impact of Land Use and Roadside Informal Activity on Transportation System: A Case Study in Rajshahi City Corporation, Bangladesh.
Rahman, F. I., & Hasnat, A. (2018). Case Study on Transportation System in Rajshahi City, Bangladesh. Retrieved from http://matjournals.in/index.php/JoTS/issue/view/474.
Hoque, M. M., Barua, S., Ahsan, H., & Alam, D. J. P. o. C. X. T. R. o. U. M. i. s. C. (2012). BRT in Metro Dhaka: towards achieving a sustainable urban public transport system. 1-11.
Levinson, H., Zimmerman, S., Clinger, J., Rutherford, S., Smith, R. L., Cracknell, J., & Soberman, R. J. T. R. B. o. t. N. A., Washington, DC. (2003). Trip report 90: Bus rapid transit, volume 1: Case studies in bus rapid transit.
Levinson, H. S., Zimmerman, S., Clinger, J., Bast, J., Rutherford, S., & Bruhn, E. (2003). Bus rapid transit, volume 2: Implementation guidelines.
Ingvardson, J. B., & Nielsen, O. A. (2018). Effects of new bus and rail rapid transit systems–an international review. Transport Reviews, 38 (1), 96-116.
Schwanen, T., & Ferbrache, F. (2017). Bibliography of research on bus rapid transit. Transport. EVTLnyMbY.
Mortazavi, S. A. H., & Akbarzadeh, M. (2017). A framework for measuring the spatial equity in the distribution of public transportation benefits. Journal of Public Transportation, 20 (1), 3.
Mallqui, Y. Y. C., & Pojani, D. (2017). Barriers to successful Bus Rapid Transit expansion: Developed cities versus developing megacities. Case studies on transport policy, 5 (2), 254-266.
The Scorecard. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.itdp.org/library/standards-and guides/the-busrapidtransit-standard/the- scorecard/?fbclid=IwAR3ZArMDT9bfuZhO0FhA_N3MXDxvdLSaDbptbMwM4fLvwRfkrR
Browse journals by subject